John Pershing (1860-1948) was a general during World War I; one of only two people ever given the title "General of the Armies" (the other was George Washington, who received the title posthumously after they invented it to award it to Pershing). According to one source, his nickname is attributed to his ruthlessness in commanding the armies. According to another, it is because he advocated the use of the United States Colored Troops (USCT) in the army.
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