Lagos is a town and a municipality at the mouth of Bensafrim River and along the Atlantic Ocean, in the region of the Algarve, in Algarve's Barlavento (windward), Southern Portugal.
This municipality has a total population of 30,755 inhabitants. The town of Lagos has approximately 20,000 residents. It is a historic (Portuguese Discoveries) and touristic city (beaches).The majority of the population lives along the coastal line and works in tourism and services. The inland region is sparsely inhabited, with the majority of the people working in agriculture and forestry. Lagos is one of the most visited cities in the Algarve and Portugal, due to its big variety of beaches, bars, restaurants, and hotels. It is also renowned for its vibrant nightlife and parties, especially during summer.
This town has the oldest slave market in Europe (dating back to the 15th century) and it was in Lagos that Caravels were built and set sail to the new world, along with other Portuguese cities, such as Lisbon, Oporto and Viana do Castelo.
Lagos is located approximately 35 kilometers east of Sagres Point. To the north of Lagos is the road to Silves, the first capital of Algarve, which has a Moorish castle, Monchique (spa town/mountain), Milfontes, a coastal town and port/harbour of the city of Sines, that winds through the scenic protected landscape of the Southwest Natural Park (Costa Sudoeste Alentejana e Vicentina).