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Former convent of the Congregation of the Oratory , the group was started in the eighteenth century by order of John V of Portugal , following a vote that monarch made ​​to Our Lady of Needs, whose shrine stood there.

The palace became the residence of the kings of the dynasty of Braganza from Maria II of Portugal , apart from his son Louis I of Portugal , who preferred the Ajuda Palace.

D. Fernando de Saxe-Coburgo-Gota , husband of D. Maria II, resided in this palace until his death, bringing him a large art collection, which would be dispersed after his death. The palace then underwent several renovations, fruit tasting of various monarchs who lived it, the last of which carried out early in the twentieth century , by the will of Carlos I of Portugal , who sent enlarge the dining room, due to the wide diplomatic activity undertaken by him.
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