Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1886) was a superlative Civil War general and a mediocre 18th president. His most notable contribution to American politics may have been the word "lobbyist". It is said Grant used to escape from the White House and visit the Willard Hotel, at which he would smoke cigars and drink whisky. People seeking jobs, contracts, and particular positions in legislation would approach Grant in the lobby of the Willard. Grant is said to have referred to them as "those damned lobbyists".
The statue group took over 20 years to complete and was dedicated five weeks before the memorial to Grant's commander-in-chief, Abraham Lincoln. At 252 feet long and 70 feet wide, it is the largest statuary group in Washington. Grant is flanked by Union artillery and cavalry (as well as a few lions) and is often described as contemplating the Union troops camped on the Mall during the Civil War.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulysses_S._Grant_Memorial