Wismar is a port and Hanseatic League town in northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, about 45 km (28 mi) due east of Lübeck, and 30 km (19 mi) due north of Schwerin. Its natural harbour, located in the Bay of Wismar is well-protected by a promontory. The population was 42,433 in 2012, almost doubled from 21,902 in 1905. A former district-free town, it is the capital of the district of Nordwestmecklenburg since the September 2011 district reforms.
Representative of Hanseatic League city brick construction as well as the German brick churches, the city has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites since 2002.